Pattern dating chart
In Fig.13 a pair of Victorian salt spoons with a journeyman's marks in the form of the number '7' is shown.
Note Fig.10 casters and salts, made London 1867/68 by Hunt and Roskell in the 'Ashburnham' pattern, the salts are stamped with 4801, the matching casters with 4671. The obvious deduction is therefore that around middle of the 19th century not every silversmith used manufacturer's numbers, but by 1880 manufacturer's numbers were fairly common.
It might have been the butler, who in one inattentive moment after cleaning managed to 'destroy' right away two pieces of the service. An unexplained mystery is the number ' 34 ', stamped on only one spoon, next to the monogram on a set of 6 German spoons, all monogrammed with T. The English system of scratch weights is straightforward. 1 pound (lb) = 12 ounces = 373.2 grams 1 ounce (oz) = 20 dwts = 31.103 grams 1 pennyweight (dwt) = 24 grains = 1.555 grams American silversmiths adopted the English system. 8 shows the scratch weights on a silver brazier, made by Myer Myers, New York, ca. (note 4) The weights for 18th century French silver are as follows: 1 livre = 2 marcs = 489.506 grams 1 marc = 8 onces = 244.753 grams 1 once =8 gros = 30.594 grams 1 gros = 3 deniers = 3.824 grams 1 denier = 24 grains = 1.275 grams 1 grain = 0.053 grams French 18th century dinner plates of larger services are stamped with consecutive inventory numbers, combined with the scratch weights in marcs and onces.
Numbering was also a common practice for Scottish flatware pieces. (note 5) On March 28, 1812 the marc @ 250 grams became the legal weight in France.
In larger flatware services, pieces with different journeymen's marks may be found.
To date there is no research into the identification of individual journeymen.